Regional expansion of Neolithic period [HISTORY] ENGLISH 05

 

- North Zone - Kashmir Valley, Burjholm, Gufkaral


- North Western Region - Balochistan, Mehargarh


- Intermediate region - Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra


- Eastern Region - Chirand, Senuar, Daiusal, Hiding, Kurcha


- North Central Region - Dhibi, Panduraj, Mahishadal


- South Zone - Pickhill (Karnataka)

Region of neolithic age
* Specialty

* Northern Region - Kashmir Sing

- Burjholm - Place of Birth

- Discovered in 1935 by D. Terry and Peterson.

- Evidence of trough niwas i.e. (building houses under the ground) is found in Burjholm (northern region) in Nagarjunakonda, South India.

- Evidence of trough habitat farming and fisheries is the main occupation.
- Bury the dogs with the owner.

- Guffakarl - The potter's cave has been found.

- Trough Residence

- Use of bone tools

- Bone-made equipment is the specialty of the neolithic site of the northern region of the cave.

* North Western Region - Balochistan

First evidence of agriculture Neolithic site is located on the banks of the Bolan River in Balochistan of Mehergarh. People here used to cultivate wheat and barley.
* Intermediate and Eastern Region

- Koldihwa - The earliest evidence of growing paddy is found not only in India but also in the global context in 7000 BC.

* Chaupanimando- A hove of a bee and a stove was obtained.

* Eastern area

- Chirand, Senuar, Taradih, Devjal, Hiding, Panduraj, Dhibi

- Chirand is the only place where bone equipment has been found in addition to the cave. Human figurines of terracotta have been obtained from here.

* North Central Region

- Vagor - Rajasthan

Evidence of animal husbandry has also been found along with agriculture.

- Eran - Veena Valley (Madhya Pradesh)

- Jokhe Culture (Gujarat)

* South Zone

According to C-14 carbon dating, Neolithic periodicals of South India were around 2600-1000 BC.


* Pickhill (Karnataka)

- Followed by cow, bull, buffalo, goat, etc. and used fencing.

- Large piles of ash have been received from here.

- Most ragi was produced, although agricultural work was secondary, evidences of trough residence have been received from Nagarjunakonda.

- Megalithic culture developed further from this region.

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