PRAGMATIC HISTORY STUDIES IN INDIA[HISTORY] ENGLISH O2

 Pragmatic history studies in India


- The credit for the inauguration of Pragatihasic archeology in India goes to an augrage named Primage who acquired Pragatihasic tools in 1842 from a place called Lingsugur in Karnataka.


After this, the first officer from the Geological Survey, Robert Brassfoot, obtained hand X in 1863 from a place called Pallavaram near Madras. During this period, the hand X was also obtained from Adhyampakkam.In 1950, Steward Pigt's famous work pre historic India detailed the efforts being made to inaugurate the prehistoric period.


* Age of Stone Age


- John Luwav divided the stone age into two levels. In the Palaeolithic and Neolithic period, Lord Larlet also established the third level on the basis of the variation of tools, that was the Middle Stone Age.


1. Palaeolithic period - 20 million to 10000/9000 BC


2. Middle Stone Age - 9000 to 6000 BC


3. Neolithic period - 6000 to 2000 BC

1. Palaeolithic Age - Palaeolithic age has been done in three parts depending on the nature of stone tools used by humans and the changes in climate. For India, it was similar to the Kali Yuga, but the tropical region was raining heavily.


* Palaeolithic period is divided into three parts.


1. Pre-Palaeolithic period - 5 lakh to 50 thousand years BC


2. Middle Palaeolithic period - 50 thousand to 40 thousand years BC


3. High Palaeolithic period - 40 thousand to 10 thousand BC


1. The pre-Palaeolithic period has been divided into two parts based on the tools obtained.

i Chaupar - Chauping Culture - Sohan Valley, Chauntara


ii. Hand X Culture - Vadamadure, Cortalar, Adampakkam


* The remains are found only from the middle Ganga valley and Karnataka from all over India. Neither animal husbandry, nor agriculture, nor had knowledge of fire use.




* Middle Palaeolithic period - Nevasa HD Sankaliya of major region Maharashtra has declared it as a draft site.


- Primacy of plank devices


- Humans were still neither aware of agriculture, animal husbandry nor the use of fire.



* High Palaeolithic period


- The preponderance of blade and plank in the equipment, the preponderance of the construction of instruments, mav churt, jasper flit, etc.


- Construction of tools from bone and horns with stone.


- Related sites - Belan Valley and Sohan Valley Singhbhum (Jharkhand), Jogdaha, Bhimvetka, Vagor, Inamagavan, Patne, Bhadane (Maharashtra), Renigunta, Vemula, Kurnul Cave, Visadi, Budha Pushkar (Rajasthan).


- Art was developed in the form of carvings and paintings.


- No evidence of use of fire.

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