Origin and details of harappan civilization [HISTORY] ENGLISH 08

 


* Harappan Civilization Theory of Origin


- Principle of indigenous origin


- Promoters - Steward, John Marshall, Amlanand Ghosh,


- Recognition- The Harappan civilization had developed gradually.


- In the pre-Harappan phase, fully developed cities started being found.


* Validation vote


- There was a gradual development example- Sothi culture (Rajasthan), Kolistan region was developed.


- Baluchistan is more evident in the Kshatra.


- The time of Harappan civilization in NCERT book is from 2550-1900 BC.

* Geographical spread of Harappan civilization


- Development took place in the copper background period.


- The center of Harappan civilization culture, Punjab and Sindh region expanded from here to south and east.


- Size and area of ​​triangle shape is 129 9600 sq km wide.


Search of the site: 1500 sites have been searched till date. But only 7 are labeled as city. Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Chahandaro, Lothal, Kalibanga, Vanavali, Rakhigarh.


* Harappan civilization expanded

1. Sindh Province - Mohenjodaro, Chanhudaro, Kotwiji, Amri, Judrajadado


2. Balochistan- Sutkakoh, Sutkagandor, Balakot


3. Punjab (Pakistan) - Harappa, Dera, Ismail Khan, Rahman Theri, Saraikhola, Jalilpur


4. Punjab (India) - Ropar, Kotla, Nigah, Sanghol, Bara


5. Haryana - Banwali, Rakhigadh, Mittathal, Kunal


6. Kutch (Gujarat) - Desalpur, Surkotada, Dholavira,


7. Kathiawada (Gujarat) - Rangpur, Rojadi, Lothal Bhagatrao Malwan


8. Rajasthan - Kalibanga


9. Maharashtra - Daimabad


10. Jammu-Manda


11. Uttar Pradesh - Alamgirpur, Bargawan, Hulas


12. North-West Frontier - Gumla

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