NEOLITHIC AGE [ HISTORY ] ENGLISH 04

 Neolithic  Age


- This period is known as food producer. In this period, humans had adopted agriculture along with animal husbandry. Gordon Child has named it Neolithic Revolution, in view of these revenge.


- In the global context, the beginning of Neolithic period is considered to be 9000 BC. But in the Indian subcontinent it is believed to have started from 7000 BC. In the context of South India, the Neolithic period can be dated to 2500 BC.

- Gordon Child said that Neolithic is called revolution.


- The tools were of stone only.


In this period, man became not only a food collector but also a food producer, that meant agriculture flourished.


- In the context of global Neolithic period started in 9000 B.C. But 7000-6000 BC in India is considered a start.


- The development of this period in India is believed to be from 7000-3800 BC.

Transformation in Neolithic period


1. Changes occurred in relation to human land and animals.


2. Development of agriculture - Wild crops started being produced by humans.


3. Animal Husbandry - Wild animals were domesticated and cooperation was taken in the production of animals. Such as using an ox, horse, dog.


4. Man succeeded in developing sustainable objects.

5. Construction of equipment- Make polysader equipment (grinding from stone to stone).


- The first evidence of agriculture was found in 7000 BC in Mehargarh.


With the development of agriculture, animal husbandry was also organized.

polisdar stone


* Changes brought about by agriculture


- Permanent Residence


- Construction of pots


- Construction of Annagaro (to keep Anajo)


- Main system developed.


- Housing was built with raw bricks, reeds


- The shape of the housing was circular and rectangular.

- Social divide between rich and poor people.


- Bangles, beaded, etc. gives information of rich classes.


Q Are all the Neolithic sites different?


ans- There is some involvement in all the items because many such items are found at those places which were not produced at the local sites.

* Neolithic culture


- People had established faith in the hereafter.


After the death of human, the objects of daily life were being kept in the grave.


- Human beings were buried collectively.


Group life was developed in people.


- The bodies of the children were buried in the pottery, which is called Kalash Shawadhan.


- Evidence of mass eating is found with Budihal.

* Important features of Neolithic period


- Start of agricultural work, extension of animal husbandry


- Pulisad weapons made of pierced stones


- Start of village community


- Development of construction of pottery


- It can be said that the neolithic people had built agricultural animals as well as permanent objects.

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