COPPER AGE [HISTORY] ENGLISH 06



* Partition of the Temperate Period


- Depending on the use of equipment


- southeast Rajasthan


- Western Madhya Pradesh


- Maharashtra


* Based on the use of pottery


- Garrick Pottery Culture


- Copper rich culture


- Black and red pottery


- Painted gray pottery


- Northern Black Polished Pottery


* South East Rajasthan, Diet (Udaipur) and Gilund (Rajsamand)


- Copper equipment is found in abundance in the diet. Therefore, it is also called tambati.

- Black and red pottery has been obtained, which is made on wheels.


- Evidence of agriculture and animal husbandry has been found.


- Printing stamp has been received.


- were unfamiliar with Chandi.


- In 1953, the scientific method of drainage called Chakra Kupa from Akshaya Kriti Vyas diet culture has been opened.


- Elephant tooth bangles have been found from Gillund.

* Western Madhya Pradesh (Malwa-Kayatha-Eran)


- The pottery of Malwa is the best in the whole culture.


- People of this culture used to do spinning-weaving as a replica of spindle spinning has been found.


- Kayatha culture is older than Malwa.


- Spherical houses made of raw bricks have been obtained from Kayatha.


* Maharashtra


- Development of Zoraway culture with which the sites were related - Dayamabad, Inamgaon, Zoraway, Newas, Prakash, Chandauli, Nashik etc.


- The biggest statue of Dayamabad excavation has yielded a copper idol of man, bull, rhinoceros, elephant, running the chariot.

- The development of Inamgaon with Dayamabad appears to be at the level of urbanization.


- Clear evidence of social division has been obtained from Inamgaon.


- The Jorve culture shows strong faith in the hereafter.


- The receipt of gold ornaments is seen only in the Jorve culture.

* Based on pottery experiments (Garrick pottery culture)


- Center Ganga Yamuna Doav


- Major sites - Risouli near Badaun and Rajpurparasu near Viznaur




* Copper culture


- The first evidence of copper accumulation has been obtained from Bithur near Kanpur in 1822 AD.


- The largest reserves of copper accumulation have been obtained from Gangeria in Madhya Pradesh.


- Garric pottery along with copper accumulation has also been obtained from a site called Saipai near Etawah.


- Most places of copper accumulation have been obtained from Uttar Pradesh. There are 35 places in total.

* Black and red pottery culture


- First evidence of black and Lala pottery culture has been obtained from a place called Atranjikheda in 1960 AD.


Evidence of this culture has also been obtained from Jodhpur and Noh.


- Black and Lala are a typical feature of pottery culture, the inner portion of the pot and the outside part of the spring are painted with black color and the remaining vessel is painted with Lala color.


Evidence of black and lala pottery culture is obtained from Atranjikheda after Garic pottery culture.




* Painted Gray Pottery


- Major site Ahichhatra was discovered in 1946 AD.


So far, a total of 750 sites of painted gray pottery have come to light.


- The biggest place was Bukhari.


- Iron receipt from most places but Bhagwanpur, Dadheri, Nagar and Katpalan, which provide evidence of painted gray pottery, yet they are considered to be an extension of the later Harappan as iron equipment is not obtained from here.



* Northern Black Polished Pottery


- Preliminary evidence is obtained from Taxila in 1930 AD.


- Maximum deposits were spread in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, through trade to other areas.


- The levels of the northern black polished pottery culture have been found on top of the painted gray pottery, while the black and lala have been found on the pottery somewhere.


- It is necessarily attached to iron.


Over time, it has become involved in the use of second urbanization, concrete bricks and aihat.

* Common features of the Paleolithic period


- Rural Civilization


- Use of stone and copper tools


- Economy and Living


- cultural literacy


- Religious Belief


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